Welcome to Year 2, we are looking forward to teaching your child.
Phonics & Reading:
In Year Two we deliver a daily dedicated phonics session in synthetic phonics. We use the Letters and Sounds document for our pace and planning.
Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven.
There are six overlapping phases. In Year Two we consolidate phase 5 and work mainly on phase 6. This phase is split into three parts a b c which we undertake over each term.
By the beginning of Phase Six, children should know most of the common grapheme-phoneme correspondences. They should be able to read hundreds of words, doing this in three ways:
- reading the words automatically if they are very familiar;
- decoding them quickly and silently because their sounding and blending routine is now well established;
- decoding them aloud.
We provide children with lots of opportunities to engage in independent reading or group reading with their friends. We also share a range of books together for whole-class reading during Literacy sessions. We hear individual readers each week and also share texts during a small guided reading group. This allows children to talk with their group about the book they are reading. The children's guided reading book will be one phase higher than their individual reading book; this is to allow the children to have a challenge in and out of school with their peers and other adults.
Moving through year 2 the children are encouraged to become more independent readers and writers. They are expected to write at length applying all the skills they have learnt in phonics to spell accurately and use extended sentences to give the reader more information. In reading activities, the children are taught to use the text to answer questions and help infer meaning. Literacy lessons incorporate many aspects of the wider curriculum and allow children to explore their creative side, through role-play and drama activities. For example, taking on historical or fictional characters improves their speaking and listening skills as they have to perform in character and use the appropriate language. This in turn improves their writing across the curriculum.
At the start of Year 2, children have already acquired basic knowledge and understanding of shapes, numbers, and the number system. They are beginning to solve problems and are becoming more independent and competent early mathematicians. This, together with the enthusiasm and motivation developed in Year 1, provides a good basis for developing and widening their mathematical knowledge and skills. During Year 2, they develop more sophisticated counting skills, begin to describe and explain patterns and relationships involving numbers and shapes and use informal methods of recording. They extend their knowledge and use of number facts and develop their understanding of all four arithmetic operations. Paired and group work are opportunities for children to talk to each other about their mathematical ideas and methods. Problem-solving and measuring offer a chance to draw on children’s experiences outside the classroom. They also help to forge links between mathematics and other subjects. Speaking and listening continues to play an important role in mathematical learning as children extend their use of the vocabulary and language of mathematics. Much of their learning continues to be oral, visual, and practical. Recording, including the use of images and simple diagrams, starts to take on a more significant role in helping children to practice, describe and report, and to identify patterns in calculations and shapes.