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Year 2 - Phonics and Reading

 

Phonics in Year Two

In Year Two we deliver a daily dedicated phonics session in synthetic phonics. We use the Letters and Sounds document for our pace and planning.

Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven.

There are six overlapping phases. In Year Two we consolidate phase 5 and work on mainly on phase 6. This phase is split into three parts a b c which we undertake over each term.

By the beginning of Phase Six, children should know most of the common grapheme–phoneme correspondences. They should be able to read hundreds of words, doing this in three ways:

  1. reading the words automatically if they are very familiar;
  2. decoding them quickly and silently because their sounding and blending routine is now well established;
  3. decoding them aloud.

The following is a rough guide as to what is taught in our phonics session.

Phase 6 skillsPhase 6 Phonic Knowledge and Skills
Reading phase 6 the children will be independently engaging in longer books and texts that are less familiar to them with increasing fluency. This allows the children to read for information and their pleasure.
Spelling The children’s start to show increasing confidence in the spelling of the high frequency words. The children in phase 6 are taught the spelling patterns for words that end in 'ed', 'ing', 'est', 'er' and 'ly'. For example when adding 'ed' they may need to double the last letter clap- clapped.
Suffix During Phase Six, children should also start to learn spelling conventions for adding common endings (suffixes) to words. Children are taught how the meaning of words can change when different suffixes are added. The suffixes which are taught in phase 6 are:
  • -s and -es: added to nouns and verbs, as in cats, runs, bushes, catches;
  • -ed and -ing: added to verbs, as in hopped, hopping, hoped, hoping;
  • -ful: added to nouns, as in careful, painful, playful, restful, mouthful;
  • -er: added to verbs to denote the person doing the action and to adjectives to give the comparative form, as in runner, reader, writer, bigger, slower;
  • -est: added to adjectives, as in biggest, slowest, happiest, latest;
  • -ly: added to adjectives to form adverbs, as in sadly, happily, brightly, lately;
  • -ment: added to verbs to form nouns, as in payment, advertisement, development;
  • -ness: added to adjectives to form nouns, as in darkness, happiness, sadness;
  • -y: added to nouns to form adjectives, as in funny, smoky, sandy.

We regularly carry out individual phonics assessments to track progress and attainment.

Phonics homework will be sent home on weeks when children need to consolidate the learning from the week's session.

Reading in Year Two

In Year Two we provide children with lots of opportunities to engage in independent reading or group reading with their friends. We also share a range of books together for whole class reading during Literacy sessions. We hear individual readers each week and also share texts during a small guided reading group. This allows children to talk with their group about the book they are reading. The children';s guided reading book will be one phase higher than their individual reading book; this is to allow the children to have a challenge in and out of school with their peers and other adults.

Most children transfer into Year Two on orange, turquoise or purple book bands.

NC level 3   Free Readers
NC level 2a/3 Band 10 White Phonics Phase 5/6
NC level 2b Band 9 Gold Phonics Phase 6
NC level 2c Band 8 Purple Phonics Phase 6
NC level 1a/2c Band 7 Turquoise Phonics Phase 5/6
NC level 1a Band 6 Orange Phonics Phase 5/6

The children also visit the school library once a week to select a book to share with their family.

Fernvale Primary School, Somerby Road, Thurnby, Leicester, LE7 9PR | Tel: 0116 241 6722 | E-mail: office@fernvale.leics.sch.uk
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